The Federal Service for
Supervision in Education and Science
is a central body which carries out:
- control and supervision over legislative execution in education;
- quality control in educational institutions independently and together with state regulatory bodies of
education of constituent parties (republics, territories, regions, etc.) of the
- licensing, certification and state
accreditation of educational institutions and their branches;
- consideration of questions connected
with confirmation and recognition of degrees and titles obtained in the Russian
Federation and abroad.
In order to ensure quality of education a nationwide
mechanism for quality control and assessment is in function. This mechanism
includes the state educational standard; licensing and state accreditation. Each
HEI has its own system of quality assurance compatible with the nationwide one.
The state educational standard
The state educational standard is a set of nationally
recognized requirements laid down by the state which determines a mandatory
minimum for contents of educational programs, the maximum workloads assigned to
students, as well as general course loads and requirements to be met by
The state educational standards of higher professional
education are developed by Teaching and methodological associations. These
Associations are formed of experts from HEIs in relevant fields of study on the
basis of a competition organized by the Ministry of Education and Science.
Arrangements for implementation of the ‘third generation’ of the state
educational standards of higher professional education beginning from 2011 have
being carried out.
Licensing is a procedure of assessment of the
compliance of educational facilities, laboratory equipment, expertise of
teaching staff, and teaching materials with state requirements and the issuing
of a duly worded authorization. Being licensed an educational institution is
granted the right to carry out educational programs in relevant fields of study
(specialities) and at corresponding levels of education.
Accreditation is the formal recognition (confirmation for the
next term) of the status of an education establishment by the state according to
its type (secondary vocational or higher education establishment) and kind
(college, institute, academy, university), confirmation of education programs
level and quality of graduates’ preparation relative to the state educational
standards. The accreditation procedure includes both a self-evaluation and a
peer review. State accreditation is applicable both to state educational
establishments and to private institutions. It results in the granting to the
educational institution the right to issue Diplomas of the state format and to
be included in the state funding list.
Licensing in non-university level education is the
prerogative of the local authorities. It includes a formal assessment by a
visiting expert group to ensure that an educational establishment meets the
state and local requirements, including facilities, sanitation, equipment,
staff, etc. Each new program must also be assessed and licensed. Accreditation
allows the institution to issue state recognized diplomas. Accreditation for
non-university level education is carried out by federal ministries-founders of
respective institutions in cooperation with local authorities.
All university level institutions have to pass licensing and
accreditation procedures carried out by the Federal Service for Supervision in
Education and Science.
It is prohibited to start any education activity without
obtaining formal authorization based on licensing procedures.
Non-accredited HEIs issue their own